Feline Diet

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(Created page with 'Courtesy of the http://www.kingstownecatclinic.com/ ==Diet== If decreased renal function is diagnosed early, it is recommended that a diet with decreased phosphorous and sodium…')

Current revision as of 21:10, 6 August 2011

Courtesy of the http://www.kingstownecatclinic.com/



If decreased renal function is diagnosed early, it is recommended that a diet with decreased phosphorous and sodium be fed. Excess phosphorous causes an increase in parathyroid hormone which is a known renal toxin. Decreasing sodium in the diet is also important in preventing and managing hypertension which will hasten renal failure.

Once chronic renal failure is diagnosed, a lower protein diet is indicated. BUN is the end result of protein metabolism. By decreasing protein intake, the BUN is decreased and clinical signs improve. These diets are also restricted in phosphorous and sodium. A low protein diet is great in theory, but as the protein content of the food decreases, so do the chances that the cat will eat it. The typical cat in CRF usually has some degree of anorexia. At best, his appetite is picky. The most important aspect of the diet is to insure adequate calorie intake (a geriatric cat should consume 35 to 40 kcal/lb/day). Initially, he should be fed anything he will eat, then gradually introduced to the new diet. Some cats will develop an aversion to a new diet if it is offered in the hospital or when he is sick. Therefore, Cyproheptadine may be needed to stimulate the appetite. Recommended foods include Hill’s Prescription Diet k/d, Select Care Modified , or CNM-NF. The enclosed homemade diet can also be offered. Fresh water should be available at all times. Many cats will drink distilled water better than tap water. Constipation is common in these cats due to chronic dehydration. Metamucil or canned pumpkin may be added to the diet to alleviate this problem.

Many cats with chronic renal failure can lead a happy and comfortable life for many months to several years. The earlier in the course of the disease the diagnosis is made, the longer the life expectancy. Your dedication will be rewarded by providing the maximum quality and quantity of life to your feline companion.

Homemade Diet for Cats with Chronic Renal Failure

(Diet is courtesy of Hill's )

1/4 lb. Liver (beef, chicken, or pork)

2 Large eggs, hard-cooked

2 Cups cooked white rice without salt

1 Tbs. vegetable oil

1 tsp (5g) calcium carbonate

1/8 tsp potassium chloride

Cooking Directions

Also add a balanced supplement which fulfills the feline MDR for all vitamins and trace minerals, and 250 mg taurine/day. Dice and cook meat in a skillet, retaining fat. Combine all ingredients and mix well. This mixture is somewhat dry and the palatability may be improved by adding some water (not milk). Yields about 1 1/4 lb.

Feeding Guide

Feed sufficient amount to maintain normal body weight.

Body weight Approximate daily feeding

5 lb...............................................1/4 pounds or 4 ounces or 1/2 cup.

7-8 lb...............................................1/3 pounds or 5.3 ounces.

10 lb...............................................2/3 pounds or 10.6 ounces or 1 cup and 2.6 ounces.

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